Sequoia National Park


Kings Canyon National Park

Another Green Paradise

The Kings Canyon National Park can be located the American State of California and is found South of Sierra Nevada. This is a National Park which was first established in 1940 and the area in which the park covers is 461,901 acres of land. This park is includes the General Grant National Park which was formed in 1890. The reason why the park was formed was to help protect the General Grant Grove with the large sequoias. Kings Canyon National Park is found north of the Sequoia National Park and both of these national parks are controlled by the National Park Service.

The History of Kings Canyon National Park

White settlers did move to Kings Canyon during the mid 19th century. However, until John Muir visited the park in 1873, the area was not given much attention; however after, the area started to receive more and more attention. John Muir loved how the canyon was very similar to that of the Yosemite Valley; it is thought that these mountain valleys were created by earthquakes. The Kings Canyon had Harold Ickes fighting their corner to create the national park; Harold Ickes was a US Secretary of the Interior wanted to create the area as a park.

Harold Ickes looked at Ansel Adams to help document and photograph the park; this helped to create the bill to create the Kings Canyon National Park. The bill took the General Grant Grove and combined this land with back country that lies just past the Zumwalt Meadow. For almost fifty or so years, no one was quite sure whether or not the Kings Canyon was going to still be there.

Many people wanted to actually construct a dam near the end of the valley to the west. Many however wanted to preserve the park for its beauty and natural features also. In 1965, the debate over the park was over as the Tehipite Valley was added to the park’s land.

The Geography of the Kings Canyon National Park

There are 2 areas of the Kings Canyon National Park; and there is the smaller General Grant Grove region which is detached. This area provides the land with many amazing groves of giant sequoias; these areas also have the ever famous General Grant Tree planted along with the Redwood Mountain Grove also. These are the last remaining natural groves of giant sequoias in the world today and they are also the very biggest in the world also. The area with sequoias is a good 3,100 acres with almost 15,800 sequoia trees found here.

The trees are one foot in diameter at their bases so these trees are very big; and in both the Kings Canyon and the Sequoia Nation Parks, there is a combined area of 202,430 area of land. These are found in large forests and there is a mixed forest but visitors can visit the area. Visitors are going to be able to reach this part with the paved highways.

Almost 90 % of the park is found east of the General Grant Grove and it will create the head waters of the South and Middle forks of the Kings River. The South and Middle Forks lead into the San Joaquin River and the rivers of Kings Canyon will have many amazing glacier canyons. Kings Canyon has a massive depth of almost 8,200 feet. This is one of the deepest in America alone; and the Kings Canyon was created from glaciers from granite.

Kings Canyon National Park Facts and information
Lake in Kings Canyon National Park

For visitors, the only developed area in which they can reach via vehicles will be Cedar Grove. The Kings Canyon is quite incised and there are flatter floors; though Kearsarge Pass stands at a high elevation of almost 11,000 feet also. This is a very popular part of the park to visit today.

The Sierra Nevada is still a very young mountain range and it probably cannot be any more than around 10 million years old, if that. There are some who debate these details and the argument is certainly going to be something that continues for years to come. This is thought to be associated with the Great Basin; and the power of earth that has helped to develop this area. The mountains are very high and they will continue to rise and grow towards the sky also.

The mountains have been covered or rather coated, with thick mantle ice; and the glaciers have formed over a very long and extended period of time with cold, cool and wet weather that contributes to all of the glaciers forming. The glaciers do move something like Slow Motion Rivers; they are very slow on moving when they carve the deep valleys into the mountains as well as the craggy peaks.

Over the years, waterfalls, hanging valleys, landscape of the alpine lakes, glacier canyons and craggy peaks have all been created due to glaciers and the glaciations method also. The glaciations methods have helped to create this all across the Sierra Nevada region.

Recreational Activities of the Kings Canyon National Park

The camp grounds of the Kings Canyon National Park and the Sequoia National Park are found within the oak wood lands. These wood lands are found in the drier foot hills; and these are found in the cooler and higher conifer forests also. The forests are going to range from elevations from around 2,100 feet to around 7,500 feet. The different camp grounds are;

Atwell Mill

The Lodge Pole

The Grant Grove

The Dorst

These are all very close to the giant sequoia groves and the camp grounds are going to be quite cool.

Kings Canyon National Park is a fantastic park to explore and it certainly is going to be an area in which many will visit today also. It will really be something that more and more people are going to want to know.


Sequoia National Park

With the largest trees in the world


Sequoia National Park is found in Visalia, in the American State of California. It was first established in 1890, on the 25th of September and the park stretches across a vast length of almost 404,000 acres. It is one of the largest National Parks in American and in fact the world also; though it is world famous for its amazing giant sequoia trees the park has.

This will include the General Sherman tree which is one of the largest trees in America and on Earth also. The Giant Forest is the location in which the Sherman tree grows; and there are also another four of the world’s biggest trees that grow in the forest also.

The Geology of the Park

The park does hold a rather large area of longest mountain range found in America today. This is the Sierra Nevada and this is in fact the tallest mountain range – the Mount Whitney, which is almost 4420 meters above sea level so it’s a large range. However, the canyons and mountains across Sierra Nevada including the park, is going to be created of granitic rocks. This really means there is a combination of monzonite, diorite and granite mixed into the rocks of the mountains.

Most of the caves found in the park are going to be solution caves which are actually dissolved from marble. Marble rocks are lime stone but it has been changed due to the pressure due to formation and the heat also. There are at least 240 known caves in the park but there could be many more; some predict that there are hundreds more out there that have yet to be discovered.

Sequoia National Park Facts
Passage carved into the trunk of a redwood

Lilburn Cave is the longest cave in the park and in California also as this stands at almost 32 kilometers or 20 miles in length. There have also been newly found caves which are not open to the public. The caves are still very much unexplored so these are only open to specialists who will come to study the cave’s geology however there is only one cave open to the public.

Crystal Cave is going to be the only cave available to visit and it is around 5 and a half kilometers in length (3.4 miles). What is more, the Crystal Cave is amazingly preserved even though it receives a huge amount of visitors each year. Though, Crystal Cave has been well known since 1918; as on the 28th of April of the same year, was when the cave was discovered. The only way to get to the cave however, is for the visitors to take the guided tour though it does have a good temperature of around 9 degree Celsius.

New caves in the park are usually found a few times a year. Mostly it’s just one found each year but since 2003, there have been a further 17 new caves found. One of the most recent cave findings was in 2006; in September, the Ursa Minor cave was discovered. Though, each cave is valued in terms of their features, their beauty and endemic cave life also. This is done by scientists and can help to determine whether a cave can be safe to visit or not.

The Sequoia National Park Attractions

There are many different activities and attractions to choose from when visiting the park including back packing, camping, hiking and fishing. Though, there are also a lot of different attractions to visit while in the park.

The Sherman Tree Trail; this is a great trail to take because it’s under a mile for the entire roundtrip and it leads exactly to the General Sherman tree. It is an easy trek to make and it will be very fun to take the family along also. Getting a picture of the General Sherman Tree would be amazing.

The Tunnel Log; this is a great tunnel which leads from a lovely but fallen giant sequoia tree. The tree in which the tunnel goes through is almost 84 meters in length (275 feet) and a massive 6.4 meters in width (21 feet) also. This tree fell in 1937 though it wasn’t cut down or damaged in any way; it was all down to nature. In 1938, a specialized crew cut through the trunk of the tree – almost 2 meters tall and 5 meters in width to create a way through to the road.

Sequoia National Park Landscape
Mineral King, Sequoia National Park.

Tokopah Falls; this is a lovely trail which starts near the Marble Fork Bridge, this is next to the campground. This is a short 1.7 miles walk along the Marble Fork but there are some amazing sights of the waterfall and granite cliffs.

Crescent Meadow; this is a very small but beautiful meadow. This is found in the Giant Forest region.

Moro Rock is a great dome found near the centre of the park. It is a granite dome and found right at the heart of Moro Creek; visitors will be able to locate this somewhere between the Crescent Meadow and the Giant Forest.

The Camp Grounds. The camp grounds are a great place to stop in at if visitors wish to stay overnight. There are actually a lot of different grounds to camp out in including the foot hill areas. The three foot hill areas are Buckeye Flat, South Fork and Potwisha; though there are others which include Cold Springs, Atwell Mill, Dorst Creek and Lodge Pole though the amount of these camp sites can vary.

The Giant Forest Museum. This is a great place to visit because there is a lot of information about the park here. Visitors can find out a lot of information about the giant sequoias found throughout the national park. There is also a lot of information about the human interaction with the park and the history surrounding the park. This museum was built in 1928 and ever since, it has had many visitors discovering the history behind the park.


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