Solar eclipses occur only if the moon is in the new moon phase. The moon interposes between the Sun and Earth creating a shading that can be seen in a small part of the world.
Sun facts. The Sun is not a planet, it is a star. Most people forget that the Sun isn’t a planet but it’s really the brightest star in the Solar System.
Solar flares are what cause the aurora borealis and the aurora australis. These beautiful light shows are the result of energetic particles in the magnetosphere.