Which is the smallest populated country in the world? At the bottom, you will find the answer. The world’s least populated countries have smaller populations than the smallest cities of the most developed countries. These countries have very limited space and developed equipment. Therefore, the world’s least populated countries have severely limited ability to generate wealth and prosperity due to a lack of land and resources.
- Mongolia – 3,068,243
- Bhutan – 758 288
- Montenegro – 642,550
- Suriname – 591 919
- Luxembourg – 594 130
- Brunei Darussalam – 443 593
- Maldives – 392,709
- Iceland – 339, 747
- Seychelles – 93, 920
- Andorra – 76,965
- Marshall Islands – 59,190
- Saint Kitts and Nevis – 53,199
- Monaco – 39,242
- Liechtenstein – 38,128
- San Marino – 33,931
- Palau – 18,094
- Tuvalu – 11,792
- Nauru – 11,359,
- Niue – 1626
- Vatican City – 1000
Mongolia – 3,068,243
With mountains and deserts covering much of Mongolia, the country has very little arable land and is, therefore, one of the least populated countries in Asia. As of 2016.
Mongolia’s population is estimated at 3,068,243. Nearly 40 to 45% of the country’s population is located in and around the capital Ulaanbaatar. Mongolian is the official and most spoken language, while Buddhism is the largest religion in Mongolia.
Bhutan – 758 288
Bhutan is a small, mountainous country in South Asia. Located in the heart of the eastern Himalayas, the country is blessed with natural beauty and unique culture. The third least-populous country in Asia, Bhutan has a population of only 758,288 in an area of 38,394 square kilometers.
The official language of Bhutan is Dzongkha, while Ngalop and Sharchop are the two main ethnic groups of Bhutanese people. Lama Buddhism is the religion followed by 75, 3% of Bhutanese.
Montenegro – 642,550
Southeastern Montenegro with a coastline on the Adriatic Sea is the ninth smallest nation in Europe by population. The country’s population was estimated at 642,550. Over 90% of the country’s population is of Slavic origin. Montenegrin is the only official language of Montenegro. Podgorica is the capital and most populous city of Montenegro.
Suriname – 591 919
South America, is the least populous country in Suriname with a population of 591,919. It is also the smallest country on the continent with an area of 63,252 square miles (163,821 km2).
Luxembourg – 594 130
Luxembourg is a small country bounded by land on all sides. The European nations of Germany, France, and Belgium border the country. Luxembourg has a total area of about 2,586 km2 and an estimated population of 594, 130 (2017).
The people of the country are known as Luxembourgers and the official languages are Luxembourgish, French, and German. The largest ethnic minority is people of Portuguese descent. Roman Catholicism is the majority religion.
Brunei Darussalam – 443 593
Brunei is a small country located on the northern side of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. The country is almost surrounded by Sarawak, a Malaysian state except for the coastline along the South China Sea.
Brunei is the second least populated country in Asia with a population of only 443,593 as of 2017. 76% of the population lives in urban areas. Ethnic Malay make up 65, 7% of the population and Standard Malay is the official language of Brunei. Islam is the majority religion in the country.
Maldives – 392,709
In Asia, Maldives is the least populous country with 392,709 people, ranking it 27th in the world. The country consists of 26 atolls spread over 115 square miles (298 km2). The country’s small population continues to strain limited resources.
Iceland – 339, 747
Covering an area of 103,000 km2 in the North Atlantic Ocean, Iceland is an island nation with a population of only 339, 747. It is therefore one of the least populated nations in the world.
The majority of the population (93%) are ethnic Icelanders and speak Icelandic, the official language of Iceland. 99% of the population lives in urban areas and almost 60% live in the capital region. Christianity is the dominant religion here.
Seychelles – 93, 920
The position of the Vatican as the least populous country in the world also ranks it as the least populous country in Europe. However, on other continents, the smallest nation fluctuates in size. With a population of 93, 920 Seychelles is the 12th least populated country in the world. However, it is the least populated country in Africa. The population of Seychelles is much smaller than the second least populated country in Africa.
Andorra – 76,965
Located in southwestern Europe and surrounded by land on all sides, Andorra is a mountainous microstate in the Eastern Pyrenees region. With an area of 468 square kilometers, Andorra is the continent’s sixth smallest country. It houses a population of just 76,965, making it the fifth least populated continent.
Ethnic Andorrans are surprisingly a minority in their own country (33% of the population) while Portuguese, French, and Spanish make up the majority of the population. Catalan is the only official language, and Christianity is the dominant religion in Andorra.
Marshall Islands – 59,190
The tenth least-populous country in the world in 2021 is the island nation of the Marshall Islands, located in the Micronesia region of the Pacific Ocean. It is an independent island country slightly west of the International Date Line. The country’s population of 59,190 is located on five islands and 29 coral atolls, including 1156 isolated islands and islets. The capital and largest city are Majuro.
Saint Kitts and Nevis – 53,199
Saint Kitts and Nevis is a country located in the eastern Caribbean Sea, consisting of two islands, St. Kitts and Nevis. It is the ninth least populated country in the world in 2021. It has a population of just 53,199, although this does not include the hundreds of thousands of tourists who visit the country each year, many of whom are drawn to the country’s beaches.
In 2019, for example, St. Kitts and Nevis received about 1.2 million tourists. Tourism is therefore a major driver of the country’s economy. The country is a Commonwealth kingdom, with the Queen and Elizabeth II as head of state. It is the only sovereign union in the Caribbean.
Monaco – 39,242
Monaco is a small sovereign city-state and microstate on the French Riviera, a few kilometers west of the Italian region of Liguria, in Western Europe on one side and the Mediterranean Sea on the other. It borders France to the north, east, and west. The principality has 39,242 inhabitants and is ranked eighth among the 10 least populated countries in the world in 2021.
Liechtenstein – 38,128
Liechtenstein is the fourth-smallest country in Europe by population, with fewer inhabitants than the Vatican, San Marino, and Monaco. Its population is mostly Alemanni, although one-third is foreign is a small German-speaking country located in the Alps between Austria and Switzerland.
It is a constitutional monarchy headed by the Prince of Liechtenstein. The country is home to 38,128 people. Liechtenstein has a total area of about 62 square miles (160 km2). It is the seventh of the world’s 10 least populated countries in 2021 in terms of population.
origin, mostly German-speaking from Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, with other Swiss, Italians, and Turks. Foreign-born people make up two-thirds of the country’s workforce. Liechtenstein is the least visited country in Europe.
San Marino – 33,931
San Marino is the fifth least-populous country in the world in 2021, with a total population of 33,931. It is a small country (and European microstate) in southern Europe, surrounded by Italy. Located in the northeastern Apennines, San Marino covers an area of over 61 square kilometers.
In addition, the country is named after Saint Marin, a stonemason from the then Roman island of Rab in present-day Croatia.
Palau – 18,094
The most populous island is Koror, home to the country’s most populous city of the same name. The capital Ngerulmud is located on nearby Babeldaob Island, in the state of Melekeok. Although Palau’s population is not as large as Tuvalu and Nauru’s, it has a much larger land area.
Palau is a small island nation in the South Pacific Ocean. It is the fifth of the 10 least populated countries in the world in 2021. Its total population is 18,094. Palau shares maritime borders with international waters to the north, Micronesia to the east, Indonesia to the south, and the Philippines to the northwest. Its total area is 466 square kilometers
Tuvalu – 11,792
The second least populated country in the world is the island of Tuvalu with a population of 11,052. The island country of Tuvalu is located in the central Pacific Ocean in Polynesia.
Tuvalu consists of three reef islands and six atolls with a total area of 26 km2. Due to its lack of exploitable resources and economic potential, as well as its small size, Tuvalu has been designated a “Least Developed Country” by the United Nations (LDC).
Nauru – 11,359,
The island state of Nauru, located in the central Pacific Ocean in Micronesia, is the third least populated country in the world, with an area of 11,359, closely following neighboring Tuvalu. The island, officially known as the Republic of Nauru and formerly known as Pleasure Island, is also the third smallest country in the world at just 8, 1 square mile (21 km2). The country has few employment opportunities, with an unemployment rate of 90%.
Niue – 1626
Niue is a small island country in the South Pacific Ocean, 2400 km northeast of New Zealand. It has an area of about 261 square kilometers and a population of only 1626. Niue is located in the triangle between Tonga, Samoa, and the Cook Islands.
The island is commonly referred to as “The Rock”, which comes from the traditional name “Rock of Polynesia”. Niue is the second least populated country in the world in 2021.
Vatican City – 1000
With a population of less than 1000, Vatican City has the smallest population of any country in the world. Vatican City is also the smallest country in the world in terms of land area 0, 17 square miles (0, 44 km2). Enclosed within the Italian city of Rome, Vatican City is ruled by the Pope. Citizens living within the country are clergy, government officials, or members of the Swiss Guard.